Reimbursements are not reportable to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as income to the student if the student can document that the reimbursement:
- Directly supports a faculty member's project or research program, or
- Is related to presenting at a conference, or
- Is an integral part of the student's degree work, or
- Is official University Business
Any reimbursement to an undergraduate or graduate student which has not meet one of the criteria above for University student reimbursement will be taxable scholarship income to the recipient, but not reported on Forms W-2 or 1099-MISC.* It is the recipient's responsibility to maintain records for these scholarship payments.
*Nonresidents for tax are required to have a 14% federal withholding and the payment will be reported as scholarship income (Income code 16) on form 1042S.
To certify the payment is a University reimbursement, the student and Faculty member or Principal Investigator (if paid from a federal grant) must complete Payroll Form "Student Certification for Business Related Reimbursement". If the certification letter is not attached to the reimbursement request, the payment will be considered taxable scholarship income.
Student reimbursements are of a complex nature and the below explanations are not inclusive and determinations may need to be made on an individual basis.
The student travel payment is generally considered reimbursement (nontaxable, nonreportable) if:
- The primary purpose and original intent is for the University to obtain useful results from the project/research
- Results or research will be used by the University
- Research is performed to fulfill University's obligations to outside funding entity
- Activity is required for degree or credit
- Activity impacts the student's grade
- Student is presenting or actively participating in a conference or competition on behalf of the University
Examples of reimbursement:
- Student travels to Texas to represent the University in a scholastic competition.
- Student travels to Michigan to present at a conference, where the student's name is published (poster, website, brochure) as a presenter/contributor at the conference.
- Student travels to China to perform research, which happens to be the topic of her dissertation. The University would otherwise perform research on this topic, regardless of the student's research – the University is the primary beneficiary.
The student travel payment is generally considered to be scholarship (taxable, reportable) if:
- Reimbursement is made for activities in which the University is relatively disinterested or the research is student led
- The project/research's primary purpose and original intent is to further the student's education or training
- The University obtains little or no benefit
- Activities are performed to contribute to the development of the skills needed in the student's studies
Examples of Scholarship:
- Student travels to the United Kingdom for dissertation research which is not research the University would otherwise conduct – the student dissertation is the primary purpose of the travel – the student is the primary beneficiary.
- Student travels to a conference in Mexico as an attendee and does not present/contribute in official capacity.
- Student travels to China for Mandarin language training which will assist in language proficiency needed for degree. This is supplemental work that the student may need to succeed, but it is not a required part of the degree.
NOTE: If payment requires that the student perform services to receive the funding, this is considered wage/compensation. Payment should not be made as a reimbursement or scholarship; payment is required to be processed through Payroll Services.
TAXES and REPORTING:
Domestic Students (includes U.S. Citizens, Permanent Residents and Residents for Tax)
Business related reimbursements are not considered reportable or taxable income. There is no tax withholding requirement for scholarship/fellowship payments, but this income is reportable and taxable income to the recipient. This income is not reported on a tax document (e.g. W2 or 1099), but is considered to be self-reported income per IRS publication 970. Students may be required to pay estimated quarterly taxes to federal (IRS form 1040-ES) and Illinois state revenue offices (IL-1040-ES) on this income.
Foreign Students (Nonresidents for Tax)
Business related reimbursements are not considered reportable or taxable income. There is a 14% federal tax withholding on scholarship/fellowship payments, and this income is reportable and taxable income to the recipient. This income is reported on tax document 1042S. Students may be required to pay estimated quarterly taxes to federal (IRS form 1040-ES) and Illinois state revenue offices (IL-1040-ES) on this income.
To help communicate the IRS policy and regulations on student payments to individuals receiving scholarship or travel reimbursement payments, Payroll Services has created a sample memorandum for departments/divisions to provide to students.
Business Related Reimbursement
Reimbursements should be requested through the Shared Services Portal. Each request must have a Payroll Form "Student Certification for Business Related Reimbursement".
Scholarship Payments should be entered into AIS (if appropriate) or through the Shared Services Portal.
Domestic and Foreign requests are processed thru the Payroll System
- Enter payment request via AIS (if appropriate) or through the Shared Services Portal
- See Payroll Website for appropriate documents to attach to request.
- Payment requests will be paid on the biweekly payroll
- Checks will be mailed directly to the recipient.